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White Nationalism’s Deep American Roots

White nationalism in the U.S. is becoming more visible and more deadly, from marchers in Charlottesville to a gunman at a Pittsburgh synagogue. Adam Serwer in The Atlantic on the American roots of this movement. He writes that what is judged extremist today was once the consensus of a powerful cadre of the American elite.…

The Mind-Expanding Ideas of Andy Clark

The Mind-Expanding Ideas of Andy Clark (The New Yorker)

The tools we use to help us think—from language to smartphones—may be part of thought itself.

The first section of the article follows Clark’s development of idea that our minds must be defined as extended beyond our bodies to include the tools in our environment without which they cannot function: Clark started musing about the ways in which even adult thought was often scaffolded by things outside the head. There were…