Tag: AI

Stochastic Parrots

WELCOME

Hopefully giving you just what you asked for.

This week I posted the following:

  • Developing An Attitude of Gratitude – If you focus on what you lack, you lose what you have. If you focus on what you have, you gain what you lack.
  • Risky Business – Teachers are doing one of the most important jobs in our community without the adequate support and compensation expected in other professions. The challenge is that this discussion boils down to a discussion of risk.

If you haven’t already, please subscribe if you would like this newsletter to show up in your inbox. Feel free to reach out and say hey at hello@digitallyliterate.net.

Watch

LaMDA and Google’s Failed AI Demo

 

This week at Google I/O 2021, the yearly developer conference for the search giant, they demonstrated how its new LaMDA technology could make conversations with your products more natural. The demo looked super cool, and it made me think about how this will impact our use of these digital spaces.

But…not so fast. In this video, Kevin Marks makes the connection to the Stochastic Parrots paper, and the firing of Timnit Gebru. This video presentation will help make sense of their points.

 

Please take some time to dig through these materials and let them marinate for a bit as you make sense of the exhilarating, dangerous world of language AI.

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The U.S. Education System Isn’t Giving Students What Employers Need

Michael Hansen is the CEO of Cengage and noted for disrupting higher education to make learning more affordable.

In this post, Hansen suggests that there is a disconnect between education and employability in the U.S., where employers view universities and colleges as the gatekeepers of workforce talent, yet those same institutions aren’t prioritizing job skills and career readiness.

The post suggests that to create change as an industry, we must provide greater credibility to alternate education paths that allow students to gain employable skills. Employers need to increase credibility for skills-based hiring, remove stigmas around vocational education, and move forward to create equal opportunities for all students.

The Cancellation of Nikole Hannah-Jones

Earlier this week Nikole Hannah-Jones, the New York Times writer in charge of the 1619 Project, was denied a tenured professorship at the University of North Carolina’s journalism school.

The 1619 Project sought to spur a reexamination of how America teaches and celebrates its own history. It caused debate among academics, journalists, even within The New York Times itself. Criticisms of its accuracy by some prominent historians led to edits and clarifications, but Hannah-Jones and the Times stand by the project, the introductory essay to which won her the 2020 Pulitzer for commentary.

I shared this story for multiple reasons. First, the discussion that is happening around the work of Hannah-Jones, and whether tenure is subject to forces outside the institution.

We also need to have a discussion about the term cancel and the culture surrounding it. Graeme Wood shared a good description of the complexity of this trend.

Here is the distinction that saves the term cancellation from uselessness and hypocrisy: Cancellation is not criticism; cancellation is the absence of criticism. It is the replacement of criticism with a summary punishment. The punishment ranges in seriousness and could include withdrawal of a job or just an invitation, but the salient point is that it is meted out instantly and without deliberation, often as the result of a mob action. When this switcheroo becomes a habit, the normal way of doing things, we can call that “cancel culture,” and it is indeed a sign of intellectual and institutional rot.

Educational attainment does not influence brain aging

Research from Nyberg et al., challenges the view that higher education slows brain aging.

Education has been related to various advantageous lifetime outcomes. Using longitudinal structural MRI data (4,422 observations), the group tested the influential hypothesis that higher education translates into slower rates of brain aging. Cross-sectionally, education was modestly associated with regional cortical volume. However, despite marked mean atrophy in the cortex and hippocampus, education did not influence rates of change.

Yikes. 🙂

Check out the link for some great graphics of their data.

The Case For Universal Pre-K Just Got Stronger

According to the National Institute For Early Childhood Research, nearly half of all 3-year-olds and a third of all 4-year-olds in the United States were not enrolled in preschool in 2019. That’s in large part because many parents can’t afford it. Imagine a future where we changed that. A future where every American child had access to two years of preschool during a critical period of their mental development.

A new study from the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) gives us a glimpse of what that world could look like. It adds to a burgeoning amount of high-quality research that shows just how valuable preschool is — and maybe not for the reasons you might think.

The Rebble Alliance: Preserving the Pebble Smart Watch

I’ve recently been testing out a new wearable device, the Wyze Watch. I purchased one for my oldest child…and I’m enjoying the opportunity to play with tech together.

One of the original wearables, Pebble, has a thriving community devoted to keeping it running, even after shutting down and being purchased by Fitbit.

Check out the RebbleOS here on GitHub.

Do

3 ways to gain control of your Twitter feed

Nuzzel was one of the tools that I used several times per day to make sense of my information streams. It made sense of my Twitter and Facebook streams and gave me an overview of where to direct my attention.

Nuzzel was shut down last week after being purchased by Twitter. This has caused me to go back to my system of RSS feeds as I curate content online.

Doug Belshaw shares guidance on how to start to tame your Twitter feed.

Discuss

consider

Some people worry that artificial intelligence will make us feel inferior, but then, anybody in his right mind should have an inferiority complex every time he looks at a flower.

Alan Kay

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Alabama Lifts Its Ban on Yoga in Schools. For the first time in three decades, yoga can be taught, but the law will still bar teachers from using Sanskrit names for poses.

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Courage to Continue

WELCOME

Welcome back friends! This was a busy week.

This week I also posted the following:

  • Recognizing the Details – Learning Event #6 – Hold space and bear witness to the daily interactions that make up our lives.
  • Development & Validation of the TILT Survey – Behind the scenes of the development and validation of the Technology, Instruction, Learning in Teaching (TILT) survey.
  • The Future Includes Human Teachers – First principles thinking is the act of boiling a process down to the fundamental parts that you know are true and building up from there.
  • Bots, Disruptors, and Frictionless Interactions – Cognitive technologies, such as machine learning, neural networks, robotic process automation, bots, natural language processing, neural nets, and the broader domain of AI, have the potential to transform education.

If you haven’t already, please subscribe if you would like this newsletter to show up in your inbox. Feel free to reach out and say hey at hello@digitallyliterate.net.

Watch

How Far Can We Go? Limits of Humanity (7:44)

 

Is there a border we will never cross? Are there places we will never be able to reach, no matter what? It turns out there are.

Far, far more than you might have thought…

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Can Clubhouse Move Fast Without Breaking Things?

Kevin Roose on Clubhouse, the invitation-only social audio app. Clubhouse has been super hot over the last couple of months.

I’m sharing this link because Roose includes the following piece of gold.

Every successful social network has a life cycle that goes something like: Wow, this app sure is addictive! Look at all the funny and exciting ways people are using it! Oh, look, I can get my news and political commentary here, too! This is going to empower dissidents, promote free speech and topple authoritarian regimes! Hmm, why are trolls and racists getting millions of followers? And where did all these conspiracy theories come from? This platform should really hire some moderators and fix its algorithms. Wow, this place is a cesspool, I’m deleting my account.

Foregrounding Technoethics: Toward Critical Perspectives in Technology and Teacher Education

The Teacher Educator Technology Competencies (TETCs) were created to help teacher educators support teacher candidates as they prepare to teach with technology.

Daniel G. Krutka, Marie K. Heath, and K. Bret Staudt Willet offer suggestions for how teacher educators might inquire into technoethical conundrums through ethical, democratic, legal, economic, technological, and pedagogical explorations of technologies.

Lateral reading: College students learn to critically evaluate internet sources in an online course

You might remember the research from the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) from 2016 that suggested that students may have trouble judging the credibility of online information.

Some research suggests that students in face-to-face settings can improve at judging the credibility of online sources. But what about asynchronous remote instruction?

The group is back to describe lateral reading, the act of leaving an unknown website to consult other sources to evaluate the original site.

What is an “algorithm”? It depends whom you ask

In 1971, computer scientist Harold Stone, defined an algorithm as “a set of rules that precisely define a sequence of operations.”

Lawmakers in the US are defining an algorithm as “automated decisionmaking system” and “a computational process, including one derived from machine learning, statistics, or other data processing or artificial intelligence techniques, that makes a decision or facilitates human decision making, that impacts consumers.”

This is important as algorithms are increasingly impacting our lives. Instead of using an overly broad term like algorithm, we should instead focus on impact, not input.

What matters is the potential for harm, regardless of whether we’re discussing an algebraic formula or a deep neural network.

How the iPhone killed the custom ringtone

Before Facebook and Twitter, ringtones were a way to advertise your sense of humor and great taste.

With the rise of 4G networks, coupled with instant messaging apps like WhatsApp, people didn’t have to call someone to have a real-time conversation. The mobile phone was growing up fast, and the custom ringtone turned out to be something of an embarrassing, teenage phase.

Social media now offers far more possibilities for us to curate our public image than snippets of symphonies or tacky jingles ever did. For the computer in our pocket, the bell rarely tolls.

Last week a song came “on the radio” (streamed over my in-car audio from my phone) and it brought me back to a ringtone that I downloaded and edited myself. I tried explaining it to the kids…but… 🙁

Do

Simple Techniques to Improve Visuals in Technology Enhanced Learning

I’ve been trying to more accessible and approachable for almost a decade. This includes the use of my main website and this newsletter.

My next frontier is to be more visually literate. My inspiration in this work is Bryan Mathers and Visual Thinkery.

In this slide deck, Mathers offers some great inspiration on graphic recording of ideas.

Discuss

consider

Success is not final; failure is not fatal. It is the courage to continue that counts.

Winston S. Churchill

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Missed out on buying some art this week. Now I’ll look to purchase The Eyemonger, A children’s book about privacy.

Connect at hello@digitallyliterate.net or on the social network of your choice.

The Coming War

WELCOME
The Coming War
Digitally Lit #271 – 12/05/2020

Thank you for being here. You are valued.

This week I worked on the following:

  • Trust, But Verify – Users of the Internet become pawns in a flow of information that circulates endlessly in the ether causing a contagion that is nearly insurmountable.
  • Shades of Gray – Absolute truth becomes even more subjective as there are very few things that are clearly right or wrong.

If you haven’t already, please subscribe if you would like this newsletter to show up in your inbox. Feel free to reach out and say hey at hello@digitallyliterate.net.

Watch

1981 Nightline interview with Steve Jobs

 

Ted Koppel, Bettina Gregory, and Ken Kashiwahara present news stories from 1981 on the relevancy of computers in every day life and how they will affect our future. Included are interviews with Apple Computer Chairman Steve Jobs and writer David Burnham.

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Google Researcher Says She Was Fired Over Paper Highlighting Bias in A.I.

Timnit Gebru, a prominent a co-leader of the Ethical Artificial Intelligence team at Google sent an email to her colleagues voicing exasperation over the company’s response to efforts to increase minority hiring.

Gebru had been working on a research paper that she hoped to publish, but ran into resistance from her superiors at Google. And so she sent a letter expressing her frustration to the internal listserv Google Brain Women and Allies.

The paper, titled “On the Dangers of Stochastic Parrots: Can Language Models Be Too Big?” lays out the risks of large language models—AIs trained on staggering amounts of text data.

A few days later, Gebru was fired — Google reportedly found the email “inconsistent with the expectations of a Google manager.” It details the struggles Gebru experienced as a Black leader working on ethics research within the company, and presents a bleak view of the path forward for underrepresented minorities at the company.

The coming war on the hidden algorithms that trap people in poverty

A growing group of lawyers are uncovering, navigating, and fighting the automated systems that deny the poor housing, jobs, and basic services.

Credit scores have been used for decades to assess consumer creditworthiness, but their scope is far greater now that they are powered by algorithms: not only do they consider vastly more data, in both volume and type, but they increasingly affect whether you can buy a car, rent an apartment, or get a full-time job. Their comprehensive influence means that if your score is ruined, it can be nearly impossible to recover. Worse, the algorithms are owned by private companies that don’t divulge how they come to their decisions. Victims can be sent in a downward spiral that sometimes ends in homelessness or a return to their abuser.

Online exam monitoring can invade privacy and erode trust at universities

Bonnie Stewart on the testing and proctoring methods that invade privacy and erode trust end up undermining the very integrity that institutions demand students uphold.

As institutions of higher ed turn to online proctoring in the name of academic integrity the risks of exchanging the four walls of the classroom for surveillance platforms may be higher than many institutions bargained for.

As Stewart points out at the end of the piece, higher ed doesn’t need proctoring. Timed tests value what students remember.

Is memorization really a valid educational reason for risking privacy, well-being, and tight university budgets in a world where students will spend most of their lives with Google in their pockets?

Examining Screen Time, Screen Use Experiences, and Well-Being in Adults

This study examined the relationship between screentime and well-being in adults, including positive relationships, meaning, and loneliness. The study is possibly the first to investigate how much pleasure and meaning people feel during screen use and their mediating effects.

Screentime was not found to be significantly correlated with well-being; and screen use experiences did not mediate any of the screen time and well-being relationships.

However, screen use meaning was positively associated with overall well-being and positive relationships. This finding prompts a review of the importance of screen time for well-being, suggesting that this may be a limited approach. Other factors related to screen quality may be equal if not more important for well-being.

Teaching in the Pandemic: ‘This Is Not Sustainable’

Teacher burnout will erode instructional quality, stymie working parents and hinder the reopening of the economy.

“If we keep this up, you’re going to lose an entire generation of not only students but also teachers,” said Shea Martin, an education scholar and facilitator who works with public schools on issues of equity and justice.

Do

Enhance Student Engagement with Virtual Social Learning Spaces

Caitlin Tucker with ideas and strategies for utilizing those shared spaces to create student-centered learning experiences.

Consider

consider

If you get tired, learn to rest, not to quit.

Banksy

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Connect at hello@digitallyliterate.net or on the social network of your choice.

Remember Your Anchors

WELCOME
Remember Your Anchors
Digitally Lit #247 – 5/23/2020

Hi all, welcome to issue #247 of Digitally Literate.

I also helped post the following:

If you haven’t already, please subscribe if you would like this newsletter to show up in your inbox. Feel free to reach out and let me know what you think of this work at hello@digitallyliterate.net.

Watch

Virtual Learning Communities

Jesse Stommel offered this virtual keynote at the University Innovation Alliance Spring 2020 Convening. The slides, and full breakdown of this talk are available here.

What I value most about this post is the way Stommel shares the materials. I’ve been trying to find a way to balance sharing materials from a talk in a blog post. I really like how Jesse shares some text and insight, and intersperses some slides and then finally shares the video.

A great exemplar as you consider how to share materials online with context.

Read

We Cannot Return to Campus This Fall

As the academic year closes for most institutions from K-12 through higher ed, our collective focus turns to the next opening in the Fall.

Bryan Alexander continues to carefully examine the possibilities as we plan the fall of 2020 in higher ed. This future may include teaching behind plexiglass as we strive to protect all individuals. There are also questions about the erosion of trust and leadership in our universities that has been laid bare in our current milieu.

Parents and learners in Pre-K through 12 are asking the purpose of online learning, and whether we should be focused on the mental health of children and teachers.

Mark Lilla suggests that we should stop asking pundits and prophets to predict the future. It doesn’t exist. It will exist only after we have made it.

One common voice in this discussion is the refrain of the classroom teacher that once again steps up to do the most with the fewest resources.

This post by Harley Litzelman details the spatial, logistical, pedagogical, disciplinary, & epidemiological nightmare into which non-teaching decision-makers are welcoming your children. Perhaps physical distancing at schools is impossible and now is the time to prepare robust distance learning and close the technology gap.

COVID-19 metrics for phased reopening

Metrics for phased reopening. A frontline guide for local decision-makers.

This great resource provides a playbook for phased reopening…as well as a “metrics scorecard” to see exactly how you’re doing in the transition.

Valuable guidance as you see to understand and plan.

The Information Apocalypse Is Already Here, And Reality Is Losing

We’ve spent more than three years preparing for an information apocalypse. It seems like with the coronavirus we’re only seeing these trends accelerate.

As it turns out, the tools needed to unmoor people from our shared reality already exist and are less technological than societal.

This post identifies some guidance on how to fact-check misinfo on your timeline.

  • Don’t brush it off
  • Consider your approach
  • Watch your language – or don’t
  • Avoid repeating misinformation. Say what’s true
  • Choose your sources wisely
  • Focus on facts, not values

While on this topic, there is debate about the real statistics around COVID-19. The COVID Tracking Project released a white paper that compiles the latest numbers on tests, confirmed cases, hospitalizations, and patient outcomes from every US state & territory.

Teaching Strategies of Award-Winning Online Instructors

A recent study gleaned five insights on virtual instruction by examining the techniques shared in common by top-rated online instructors.

  • Authentic & relevant course material
  • A variety of multimedia resources
  • Student creation of content – individually & collaboratively
  • Student reflection on learning
  • Explanation of purpose

As Machines Get Smarter, How Will We Relate to Them?

Much of the Internet has become unintelligible lately. What this means is that it is almost impossible to understand the algorithms and pipelines that connect us to the digital. This will become even more of a challenge as we consider artificial intelligence (AI), drones, and autonomous vehicles.

As we’re all sequestered in our homes, it seems like drones were ready for this moment and are watching us.

We need to regularly think about these moral crumple zones in our lives.

Make

How to create the life you want using anchors

When you know what you really want in life, working toward it will feel exciting and energizing, rather than draining. As you make your way through this new normal, keep it simple as you create that life.

  1. Eliminate excuses and stay flexible
  2. Examine and define your values
  3. Refine
  4. Create a plan
  5. Focus and apply

Consider

consider

Remember your anchors. Anchors are those people in your life who remind you of who you are — your values, aspirations, and worth — even when you forget. Keep them close and always let them know how much they mean to you.

Vivek Murthy

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Digitally Literate is a weekly review of the news, notes, tips, and tricks from the week that resonated with me.

VUCA or BANI? You decide. I’ll stick with FUBAR BUNDY.

Connect at hello@digitallyliterate.net or on the social network of your choice.

Digitally Literate #208

WELCOME

Data Rights are Human Rights
Digitally Lit #208 – 8/3/2019

Hi all, my name is Ian O’Byrne and welcome to issue #208 of Digitally Literate.

In this newsletter I distill the news of the week in technology into an easy-to-read resource. Thank you for reading. Please subscribe if you haven’t already.

Watch

Rules for civil engagement: How to talk with someone unlike yourself (2:49)

Some practical ways to disagree and get along with someone at the same time from Jonathan Zimmerman. Zimmerman is Professor of History of Education at the Graduate School of Education at the University of Pennsylvania. His latest book is The Case for Contention: Teaching Controversial Issues in American Schools.

  • Statements like, “You’re a blankety-blank” close discussions rather than open them. Instead, say, “You know, that’s interesting. That’s not the way I see it. Tell me more about why you think that.”
  • Being more open about your intentions can help, too. Tell the person that you see the issue from a different angle, and ask them what they think of your view.
  • A key rule for civil discourse, especially in this political climate, is to recognize the difference between emotion and argument. The depth of conviction with which something is said is not a substitute for argument quality or truth.

Read more here.

Read

A new bill aims to protect US voters from the next Cambridge Analytica

A US lawmaker, Senator Dianne Feinstein introduced a bill this week, the Voter Privacy Act, that would regulate how political parties use voters’ data in federal elections. This legislation is the first to directly respond to Cambridge Analytica, which used Facebook to harvest the data of 87 million voters, often without permission, in hopes of influencing their behavior.

Thankfully, many are starting to have a discussion about basic data rights. Data rights are fundamentally human rights.

David Carroll provides a great review of the five basic rights that do not exist yet in the US.

  • Right to Know
  • Right to Own
  • Right to Review
  • Right to Remove
  • Right to Refuse

Capital One hacked, over 100 million customers affected

Capital One disclosed that they were hacked. The breach was first discovered on July 19th.

In a somewhat related story, education software maker Pearson indicated a data breach affected thousands of accounts in the US. The Wall Street Journal reports that the data breach happened in November 2018 and Pearson was notified by the Federal Bureau of Investigation in March. The perpetrator is still unknown.

Another day, another data breach. After we didn’t do anything about Equifax, these events will now be inevitable.

Matt Blaze indicates that perhaps we should handle data in the same way that we handle radioactive waste. “Best practice for protecting it is not to collect it in the first place, with potentially unlimited liability for those who mishandle it.”

Across the great divide: How today’s college students engage with the news

This research reports results from a mixed-methods study about how college students engage with news when questions of credibility and “fake news” abound in the U.S. Findings are based on 5,844 online survey responses, one open-ended survey question (N=1,252), and 37 follow-up telephone interviews with students enrolled at 11 U.S. colleges and universities.

Results shed light on the information seeking behaviors of young adults. Of interest to me is the social life of news, most respondents got news during the past week through discussions with peers (93 percent) whether face-to-face or online via text, e-mail, or using direct messaging on social media. The majority of respondents had news consumption habits that were multimodal (text, images, video, audio, etc.). Participants gave extra credibility to the source of the info…if it was shared by a professor in this case.

A new tool uses AI to spot text written by AI

We’re quickly approaching…if we haven’t already arrived…in a place where the machines are just talking to one another.

AI algorithms can generate text convincing enough to fool the average human—potentially providing a way to mass-produce fake news, bogus reviews, and phony social accounts. Thankfully, AI can now be used to identify fake text, too.

Researchers from Harvard University and the MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab have developed a new tool for spotting text that has been generated using AI. Called the Giant Language Model Test Room (GLTR), it exploits the fact that AI text generators rely on statistical patterns in text, as opposed to the actual meaning of words and sentences. In other words, the tool can tell if the words you’re reading seem too predictable to have been written by a human hand.

Interested? Try it here.

4 steps to stop the spread of disinformation online

While preserving democratic and economic institutions in the digital era will require more action from governments and platforms, we the people also need to recognize our responsibilities in these new spaces.

Here are four simple ways to do your part in fighting back:

  • Know your algorithm
  • Retrain your newsfeed
  • Scrutinize your news sources
  • Consider not sharing
Make

How to get things done when the news cycle is so depressing

The emotionally draining news cycle doesn’t show any signs of slowing down. A clinical psychologist shares her thoughts on staying grounded—and productive.

This post shares insight about dealing with the “news.” I think this provides good advice for dealing with social media in general.

  • Recognize the psychological effects of negative news exposure
  • Consider the importance of self-care & channeling your frustrations
  • Set boundaries when your job requires you to engage with the news
  • Get yourself in the right headspace
  • Know when to ask for help
Consider
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You can have data without information, but you cannot have information without data.

Daniel Keys Moran

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This week we noticed a trend in #datarightsarehumanrights. That is fundamentally a good thing. Want to dig in a bit more? This resource from the Data & Society project is a great start.

Digitally Literate is a summary of all the great stuff from the Internet this week in technology, education, & literacy. Say hey with a note at hello@digitallyliterate.net or on the social network of your choice.

Digitally Literate #204

WELCOME

The quiet part out loud
Digitally Lit #204 – 7/6/2019

Hi all, my name is Ian O’Byrne and welcome to issue #204 of Digitally Literate.

In this newsletter I distill the news of the week in technology into an easy-to-read resource. Thank you for reading. Please subscribe if you haven’t already.

This week I was working on some things behind the scenes. More to come soon.

Watch

6 Life Lessons I Learned From AI Research (7:36)

This week I came across the Two Minute Papers YouTube channel as I was working on a video teaser for a publication.

This video is a bit outside of the norm as the host is discussing themes across recent research on artificial intelligence (AI).

If you’re looking for a deeper dive into AI, check out this slide deck on the State of AI in 2019.

Read

They Kinda Want to Believe Apollo 11 Was Maybe a Hoax

This week was the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 moon landing…or was it!!!

Amanda Hess in The New York Times on the movement toward conspiracy theories by online stars, and the “emotional ambivalence” held by their audiences.

The internet’s biggest stars are using irony and nonchalance to refurbish old conspiracies for new audiences, recycling them into new forms that help them persist in the cultural imagination. Along the way, these vloggers are unlocking a new, casual mode of experiencing paranoia. They are mutating our relationship to belief itself: It’s less about having convictions than it is about having fun.

In Stores, Secret Surveillance Tracks Your Every Move

A couple of years ago, I was listening to a podcast and they were discussing Apple’s inclusion of iBeacons in their devices.

Basically a low energy bluetooth chip in your device would “announce” your arrival to sensors at a location as you walk by. Imagine a world like in Blade Runner when you walk by a store, and the displays change based on your preferences and data collected about you. So, you might walk by a clothing store, and your phone will let the sensors know that you were recently searching for a new pair of pants. The signage outside the store will adjust accordingly.

This piece in The Privacy Project details how all of this works…and security concerns behind this data collection.

Depression Is Contagious: How Social Media Really Affects Your Mental Health

Keith Hampton, a researcher in Michigan State University’s Department of Media & Information, set out to test the theory that social media use leads to declining mental health. His findings challenge the notion that there is a looming mental health crisis in the U.S. and that the crisis is being caused by technology.

In research published in the Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Hampton showed that social media use often has the opposite effect of what people think. Social media is a protective influence. His article, “Social Media and Change in Psychological Distress Over Time,” reveals that active internet and social media users are less likely to experience serious psychological distress, associated with depression or other mood and anxiety disorders.

A teen traded naked selfies with girls his age. A court is making him register as a sex offender.

The Colorado Supreme Court upheld a ruling last week that required a juvenile boy to register as a sex offender after sexting and trading erotic pictures with two girls roughly his age. This split decision highlights states’ recent struggles with applying laws passed in a less tech-heavy age.

According to a 2018 study cited in the case, approximately one in four teenagers has received a “sext,” and one in seven has sent one.

We’re seeing courts have challenges as they need to set a hard line as they seek to differentiate between child exploitation and (in this case) what sounded like “unfortunate teenage behavior.”

How to speak Silicon Valley: 53 essential tech-bro terms explained

Your guide to the “vocabulary of bullshit” in Silicon Valley, where capitalism is euphemized.

My favorite of the list:

apology (n) – A public relations exercise designed to change headlines. In practice, a promise to keep doing the same thing but conceal it better. “People need to be able to explicitly choose what they share,” said Mark Zuckerberg in a 2007 apology, before promising better privacy controls in a 2010 mea culpa, vowing more transparency in 2011, and acknowledging “mistakes” in the Cambridge Analytica scandal. See Facebook, privacy.

Make

How To Build A Speech Recognition Bot With Python

Looking to learn a bit about coding with Python and want a challenging task? Want to also learn more about speech recognition and privacy/security concerns?

Check out how to build this “simple” speech recognition tool.

Consider
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To this day the f-word turns my stomach. Because ‘fine’ is a euphemism for everything you’re scared of saying.

Amy Molloy

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We celebrated my son’s ninth birthday this week. He received a ton of arts and crafts supplies as gifts from all…which were well received. My surprise present to him was his first drone. I did some research on “starter drones” and this video was a ton of help. I ultimately decided on the Inductrix FPV as it seems like it has a large modding community…and he/we can practice flying/racing indoors. I’ll post more on what we learn.

Digitally Literate is a summary of all the great stuff from the Internet this week in technology, education, & literacy. Say hey with a note at hello@digitallyliterate.net or on the social network of your choice.

Google Duplex is amazing, creepy, and too good to go to waste

Google Duplex is amazing, creepy, and too good to go to waste (Android Authority)

Google Duplex was the biggest talking point from Google I/O 2018, and we’ve explored what it will mean, should Google actually release it into the wild.

Google Duplex and the new AI that can call and carry a conversation for you.

This is the kind of technology people will either want or do anything to avoid. It’s undeniably awesome to have a call made for you to decipher details either not online or that need to be established over the phone, like reserving a table or getting an appointment. Of course, there’s a pretty big privacy issue in there as well.